Most people in the market for a new computer don’t know any better than to buy a laptop that, in its unchangeable entirety, will make them look outdated and silly in only a few years. They don’t realize that it’s possible to build your own computer that, so long as you make the right choices, can last you much longer and allow you to swap out parts as needed.

futureThis technique is called future-proofing, which means making sure that your computer has an amalgamation of the most newly released technology and hardware that are chosen with the intention of ensuring that your computer lasts longer and requires fewer updates.

But in this world of ever-changing technology and ever-disrupted markets, is it really possible to future proof any one device? Yes, but admittedly you can only do so to a certain extent. All technology becomes obsolete at some point. Here’s how you can get a little more bang for your buck computer-wise, and stay up-to-date for longer without buying a whole new laptop.

So say you opt into the build your own computer process; where do you begin? First off, you’re going to want to invest in a state-of-the-art motherboard and processor, because though it will set you back a good amount money-wise, these components are updated extremely slowly and will accordingly keep up with future software well over time.

From there, you have to keep in mind exactly what you plan on using your computer for. People who want to future-proof their computers (i.e. those using advanced software and resources) are unfortunately among the least likely to be successful in preparing their computers for future use. This is because the tech-savvy are likely to always want the next best program that necessitates the next best processor, and it will be hard to find any kind of computer that can keep up without replacing parts.

RAM2If you just use your computer to connect to the internet and use Microsoft Word and Excel, you’re likely in luck. Your computer will probably last for along time since you’re not asking much of it on a daily basis, plus computers have basically been doing those functions since 1996.

Another reason why the tech savvy have issues future-proofing their computers is because the industry keeps changing and technology often makes what was once difficult and expensive to install into something much cheaper and more easily acquired. Take RAM (random-access memory) for example. If you bought a computer five years ago and purchased a bunch of RAM for it in an attempt to future-proof it, you’d be totally screwed today. The price of RAM has dropped by huge margins, so paying for an upgrade now is actually much cheaper than it was five years ago.

At the end of the day, it’s difficult to future-proof anything because no one can predict what the future holds. Keep your eyes on the tech industry if you’re wondering what gadgets to invest in now as opposed to later, but still you’ll have to accept that wherever tech goes, we’re all along for the ride.

Internet cookies are commonly discussed, but most people are pretty ill-informed in terms of what a cookie actually is and what affect it can have on you and your device. Here’s a quick rundown on everything you need to know to make the right cookie decisions for you.

Internet cookies can be broken down into pieces of text that a Web server can store on a user’s hard disk. Websites use cookies to store information on the devices that access the website and retrieve it later. This information is typically stored in the form of name-value pairs (implying that a website stores ID numbers on each user’s machine).

delete cookiesMicrosoft’s Internet Explorer allows you to view all of the cookies stored on your machine. They generally reside in a directory called c:windowscookies. You may find hundreds of files there, each a text file from a web site that has affixed my machine with name-value pairs.

The file name tells you what website stored what cookie on your device. To open it, click on the file. You’ll see anything from a UserID and a website URL to a list of session ID times. This is simply data and cannot do anything on your machine other than be present.

When you return to a website that left cookie data on your machine, that website can access that data again, but cannot access data stored on another website’s cookie. When you enter a targeted URL into your browser, it sends a web page request to the web server for that website. When your browser does this, it will also send along the cookie data that was left by that website (if a cookie was left at all). The website then can use that data or, if it generally dolls out cookies but did not receive any data back this time because you have never visited the website, it will send you your first name-value pair. It can then change name-value pairs or add more whenever you visit the site.

Along with this pair, websites may send expiration dates or path histories.

shopping cartThis all sounds kind of strange and snoopy, so if you don’t want cookies to be saved on your computer or sent out to websites you can always set an option in your browser that informs you every time a sit sends name-value pairs to you. You can then accept or deny the values.

But why do websites even do this? Cookies help websites to store state information on your machine, meaning a website can then remember what state your browser was in the last time you visited. This can be helpful in a variety of ways; websites can then detect how many people are visiting the site (as opposed to how many times a site has been viewed). They can also store user preferences so that different visitors see slightly different versions of the sites, either based on the preferences that the user consciously chose or the preferences that the website has guessed from the information it received. Cookies also allow for users on ecommerce sites to have sustained shopping carts and quick check out options.

Also known as “The Onion Router,” Tor is a free anonymization service that allows people to hide their IP addresses and thus surf the web anonymously. When the Tor software is installed, it routes users’ internet traffic through Tor’s network of randomly selected volunteer-run relays that exist all over the world. All of that traffic gets encrypted and re-encrypted multiple times until it reaches the exit node, which decrypts only the last layer of encryption and send it to the proper destination without revealing who the sender is.

silk roadAccording to the Tor website, “Tor helps to reduce the risks of both simple and sophisticated traffic analysis by distributing your transactions over several places on the Internet, so no single point can link you to your destination. The idea is similar to using a twisty, hard-to-follow route in order to throw off somebody who is tailing you- and then periodically erasing your footprints. Instead of taking a direct route from source to destination, data packets on the Tor network take a random pathway through several relays that cover your tracks so no observer at any single point can tell where the data came from or where it’s going.”

The anonymity that Tor makes accessible has been both appreciated and reviled; it protects ethical political dissidents in repressive regimes and whistleblowers, for example, but criminals also use it to partake in illegal activity like buying drugs off the Silk Road and sex trafficking.

Unfortunately for Tor and it’s users, the service may not promise as much anonymity as it claims.

According to Tor Project Director Roger Dingledine, Carnegie Mellon researchers “were paid by the FBI to attack hidden services users in a broad sweep, and then sift through their data to find people whom they could accuse of crimes.” He also claimed that the payment to CMU was at least $1 million.

carnegie mellonMatthew Green, a professor in the computer science department at Johns Hopkins University, explained how the service users were identified: “If a person controls a large fraction of the computers that operate the Tor network, there are attacks they can run that correlate where a user’s traffic is being bounced around the network. By doing that, you can de-anonymize the users, actually track them back to their real address.”

Tor identified that a group of computers was undergoing this exact process back in 2014 and kicked them off the network. It did not immediately understand the source of the attack, but when two CMU researchers were scheduled to present a session titled “You Don’t Have to Be the NSA to Break Tor: De-anonymizing Users on a Budget,” Tor didn’t miss a beat.

Their presentation included methodology reminiscent of the one that hacked Tor: “In our analysis, we’ve discovered that a persistent adversary with a handful of powerful servers and a couple gigabit links can de-anonymize hundreds of thousands of Tor clients and thousands of hidden services within a couple months.”

When the talk was promptly cancelled, Tor suspected the researchers must have been behind the attack on the network earlier in the year.

Many businesses suffer from an ongoing battle against data breach in today’s world of ever-mounting digital threats on assets and proprietary data. Even individuals are at risk of losing their information to identity thieves or blackmailers. The Ponemon Institute’s 2014 Cost of Data Breach study found that the average data breach costs an organization about $5.9 million. While most businesses have security practices in place, third-party data recovery vendors are some of the most common perpetrators of data theft.

Here are some of the best practices for businesses and individuals to implement for their own protection and to close the security gap in the data recovery process.

data breach2

  1. Gap Analysis

An internal inventory must be conducted at least once a year to determine if a security gap exists within an organization. A company should be able to answer the following questions:

In the case of a failure on the part of a storage system, is the drive sent to a data recovery vendor?

Is an incident report filed? By whom?

What is the data recovery vendor selection criterion? Are data recovery vendors properly checked and validated?

What is the current audit and assessment process for third-party data recovery vendors? Who is in charge of that process?

  1. Internal and External Policy Revision

In the event that a security gap is identified, internal procedures must be rewritten so that they include business continuity, disaster recovery and incident response plans.

  1. Maintain Enforcement

Companies should conduct mandatory annual security reviews and employee training deployment in order to ensure that internal and external policy revision can make a real difference in the safety of the company’s data.

  1. Examine Third-Party Data Recovery Providers Closely and Check Their Histories

Ensure that the data recovery vendor possesses up-to-date documents from a third-party security auditing company and that those documents comply with SOX and GLBA. The SOC II Type 2 certification is especially helpful as it requires background checks for all employees prior to employment.

The following criterion are a great start:

  • Proof of internal information technology controls and data security safeguards, such as annual SOC 2 Type II audits
  • Employee training programs that ensure sensitive and confidential data is protected
  • Certified and trained engineers
  • Proof of Chain of Custody documentation and certified secure network
  • Employee background checks
  • Secure and permanent data destruction when required
  • Use of encryption for files in transit
  • Proof of a certified ISO Class 5 Cleanroom

By following these steps, companies and individuals can protect themselves against data theft.  Remember that data theft can happen any time in any place, so always having your data backed up to a hard drive that is stored in a safe place can be the difference between a hiccup in your business and the bitter end. Take the time to be safe with your information and always ask for certification from anyone who wants or needs access to your personal or commercial information; you’ll find the cost of error makes it worth it!

Information technology is playing an important role in helping the organization to work effectively and efficiently. It provides for better communication, electronic storage and security of the data.  With the constant change and improvement of the computer technology it has become quite necessary for the enterprises to upgrade their computer technology in order to meet the competition and survive in the market.

Information technology is a term that includes all sort of technology which is used to store, exchange, and use or create data. The commonly used equipments of this sector are peripherals devices, computers, server, network connecting items and phone etc.

Benefits regarding business

Advancement in the technology is playing a major role in the development of an enterprise. For example use of an automated machine not only reduces the cost of production but also saves time of production and in addition to this it also produces the similar size and quality product as there is no space for the clerical error. There are many other advantages of the advancement in the technology and few of them are listed below –  

  • Increase in production and save time-with the advancement in the technology the production process has become quite easy; as much of the work has become automated, this automation not only saves time but also increases the production of the firm.
  • Improved communication – due to advancement in the technology the communication between the companies and with the costumers has improved. The advancement in the communication has filled the gap between the customers and the companies. In addition to the external communication internal communication has also become smooth and easy.
  • Data storage- with the growing technology the methods of keeping the data has also changed, now a days the companies store their data on the computers and create the backup, in order to retrieve data in case it is lost.
  • Easy access to data- with the help of new technology one can have access to data from all round the globe and at any time, just by registering themselves with few sites
  • Better financial management- manual accounting is the method of accounting used in the past days, now various software’s are used for performing various accounting tasks. Use of these software’s in accounting lowers the chances of the clerical mistakes. And in addition to this a business owner who does not have much knowledge of accounting, can easily match his books of accounts with these software’s.
  •  Easy advertisements- with the help of advancement  in the technology the advertisement of the product has become an easy task for the businessmen and in addition to big business men,  small and medium size entrepreneurs are also able to advertise their product

Strength the consumer and producer relationship – companies are using the social technologies for communicating with their customers for getting their valuable reviews on their product. This decrease in the communication gap helps in building the strong consumer- producer relationship which in turn results in the growth of the business.

Data loss can happen due to lot of reasons; however, there are ways to recover this lost data as well. So, here comes data recovery which is an equally important task. Data recovery is a process that requires excellence and experience too. Hence, it is always suggestive to take help from professionals to retrieve your data. They know their work better and chances of recovery increases.

Recovery of Data from SSD

SSD also known as solid state drives. Recently they have become immensely popular to store data as they do not involve any mechanical parts. So damage due to mechanical reasons is ruled out. This also makes them very durable. They can store data for years without effecting them. But there are certain problems which can occur here too. These are electronically related. Though they do not have any parts which can be broken, they are prone to electrical failure. This involves power failure or connector failure. The data can be corrupted because of these. In such cases recovery becomes little difficult but is possible under proper guidance. Here are some of points to keep in mind:

  1. No mechanical damage possible but electrical failure can occur.
  2. It is very sturdy but can cause chip failure.
  3. The retrieval of data is difficult.
  4. The process of recovering is expensive.

Remember, it is comparatively new technique but has its own share of drawbacks. There are no chances of wear and tear of data with time but still backup is necessary to avoid loss of data.

Recovering lost data from a Flash Drive

This is one of the most common drives used to store data. They also involve no mechanical components which are moving but data loss is prevalent. Just involve small cards which are compatible generally with all types of devices. This makes them immensely popular and people prefer these drives. The loss of data can occur because of;

  1. Physical damage: the chance of damage by this way cannot be ruled out as accidentally someone might drop them, stamp on them or insert them inappropriately. They are small and can be lost easily. Even water or any other kind of spillage can damage them.
  2. They can also be affected by viruses or malwares. This can lead to auto formatting or deletion of whole data. Here the folders can abruptly disappear. If someone finds that the folder they were working is not there, that indicates that it has been lost. The device can start but is failing to boot. There is also a chance of device not switching on. The format of files can also be changed. All this ultimately leads to loss of data.

But, data recovery is comparatively easy here. One can always retrieve the data back but always try to have a data backup so that recovery is less cumbersome and time consuming.

Because of above reasons, always try to use them properly and sought a professional’s help to get back all the loss data.

Why one needs to have data backup: Today is the age of modern technologies like computers, laptops, notebooks and all other devices which are generally used to store information. Losing all the stored data can create many problems. It can be office related or personal information but still nobody wants to lose all of it. It can even stir the calm person to get irritate and frustrated. Hence it is always advisable to have data backup. So even if by any reason, if someone loses all the data, the lost data can be retrieved easily since one has created the backup plan. Rescuing the lost data is very important for business to run successfully. Even some might have some personal memories like photos or any other documents. So it can be very stressful if there is no backup.

How can Data Loss really happen?

Above we have seen in general how data loss can lead to problems and if not recovered can be even more dangerous. But the important question how suddenly the information is lost. This can happen due to many reasons. Some of them are as follows:

  1. Accidental loss of data: Many a times it is found that accidentally people delete the files which are then lost. It happens mainly when someone who is not aware of the system operates it. So be very sure and let the system be single handed. Do not let unknown people handle your computer as they might not know and delete the file.
  2. Viruses: these are another common reason for data loss. Viruses and malwares may attack your computer or any other device and can damage the stored data. Always install anti- virus software and be careful of things that you are downloading.
  3. Power failure is another important reason which causes tremendous loss of data. It can also affect computer hardware and the data may be lost permanently. So always save the information and make a backup. The change in power supply or fluctuating voltages can definitely cause harm to hard drives.
  4. Mechanical damages: the mechanical damage is also common. Sometimes we might drop the device and it might break. All these components are fragile and if not handled properly, they might break and can lead to data loss.
  5. Water accidents have also increased recently. Spilling water, beverages like tea and coffee on such devices can damage them permanently and retrieval of data can be difficult. So be very careful while using them.
  6. Losing computer or laptop can also lead to data loss. It is not in anyone’s control so always try to have backup. This way even if your device is lost, you won’t suffer much.

These are some of the reasons of data loss. They are important and must be kept in mind. This information is really important and losing them can create many problems. Having proper data backup is thus recommended because the reasons for data loss are many. There is definitely a way to recover your lost data.

The loss of all the data stored can be very frustrating for any individual. If someone loses all the photos, important files and document stored in their computer, it becomes difficult for them to work effectively. Here comes the role of data recovery person.

  1. Data recovery is essential in case someone is working with some important project and has all the data stored at one place. Then s it is loss of data is not welcomed it becomes essential to retrieve it back.
  2. Also nobody likes to lose all their important personal information which is generally stored in our laptops and computers.

Data Recovery Processes for 3 Major Disasters

SSD or Solid state drive data recovery: SSDs are much better than hard drives and it is believed that eventually they will replace hard drives. They store more information and do not involve any physical parts. So accidental damage physically is ruled out but it can fail due to electric reasons. There are still many ways by which the data stored in SSD can be lost. Here are some of them:

  1. Electronic failure: This is the main reason of failure. As no mechanical components are present, the data is lost due to connector failure or corruption of data due to power failure.
  2. The electric components can also lead to it. In addition, data can be lost due to chip failure.

Because of such kind of failures, the recovery of data is rather difficult in SSD. It is one of the most recent technologies which are used in laptops, computers and other devices. Though with time there can be no wear and tear but still chances of data failure are high in this too. It is also expensive to recover data from SSD.

Flash drives data recovery: This is also a recent technology which is used widely. It includes SD card, USB flash drives, compact flash cards and it is really compact and also does not involve any mechanical components. Here also the damage can be because of viruses and malwares. It can be also accidental loss of information.

  1. When any kinds of virus attack flash drive, it makes the information unreadable. Sometimes a person is not able to open the file only. It becomes corrupt. This can lead to loss of important data.
  2. Physical damage to USB drives like using the wrong drive or accidental spillage of water can lead to data loss. There can also be accumulation of access dirt and someone unknown can also damage the drive.

But data recovery in most cases can be done easily. A professional’s help is required who knows how to access the lost data. The expert can definitely help one to get all the information back.

Data can be lost but can also be retrieved by a professional. One should not try online software as they can further increase the damage.